Snaking BMX race track installed in Toronto for Pan American Games

This undulating course was designed by Canadian firm Kleinfeldt Mychajlowycz Architects to host BMX races during the 2015 Pan American Games (+ slideshow).

The local architecture studio designed the BMX Supercross Legacy Project for the sporting event, which was held in Toronto during July.

Riders launched themselves onto the undulating dirt track via ramps enclosed in a board-marked concrete and steel-slatted structure.

The two starting hills measure 10 and five metres tall, and provided launchpads for both professional and amateur racers. The 517-metre-long course weaves towards a spectator stadium placed alongside the finish line.

Related story: Guy Hollaway plans to "put Folkestone on the map" with world's first multi-storey skatepark"It is an object in a landscape and a landscape in its own right," said the architects. "Board formed concrete, pre-finished concrete block and a smooth faced framing members all add to the distinct language of each element. At once separate and unified."

"The aesthetics of concrete allowed the practical considerations of storage, ramp heights and retaining wall sections to each be expressed as architectural elements within a single form."

The track was designed to the stipulations of regulatory board Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), making it the only UCI-certified track in Canada. BMX was first recognised as a medal sport during the 2008 Beijing Olympic games.

The track is set on a low-lying part of the site where water naturally collects. But race criteria meant the course needed to be dry just 30 minutes after rain, so the architects designed an underground drainage system.

The Pan American Games has taken place every four years since 1951, when the inaugural event was hosted in Buenos Aires. Toronto became the second Canadian city to host the games, which is beaten in scale only by the summer Olympic Games and the Asian Games.

A shooting range based on the jagged outline of a maple leaf was also designed by Berlin firm Magma Architecture for the 2015 games, where gymnastics, equestrian and ball sports tournaments were also held.
Photography is by Scott Norsworthy.
Project credits:
Design team: Kleinfeldt Mychajlowycz ArchitectsTrack design consultant: Elite TraxStructural engineer: Halsall AssociatesCivil engineer: EMC GroupElectrical engineer: Smith and Andersen Consulting Engineering
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Caruso St John reveals designs for university laboratory in Basel

Caruso St John Architects has unveiled plans for a new £160 million biomedical laboratory at University of Basel, Switzerland, which features a gridded glass facade and a concrete base with arch-shaped notches.
The firm saw off competition from studios including David Chipperfield Architects with its proposal for the 35,000-square-metre building, which contains six floors of laboratories.

Related story: Caruso St John's Gagosian Grosvenor Hill art gallery opens in LondonHollows in the concrete base of the Department of Biomedicine will form entrances and make sure the building clears a footpath. The upper storeys will be covered in a panes of glass measuring 80 by 80 centimetres, providing views into the laboratories.
"The large volume of the new building for biomedicine is uniformly covered with a skin of cast glass," said a statement issued by the studio. "The glass is transparent and clear and it allows all workstations an unobstructed view. But the glass is also thick, which corresponds to the curved details and its rounded corners."

The building will be attached to the university's pharmaceutical centre in the St Johann district of the city.
It will replace the institution's existing laboratory and teaching building, and stand on a site near other medical science departments and university hospitals.

Related story: Rippling aluminium fronts Bristol university laboratories by Sheppard RobsonAside from testing laboratories, areas of the building will be dedicated as offices, conference rooms, and for keeping rats and mice.
It will host 70 research groups specialising in oncology, immunology, neuroscience, stem cells and regenerative medicine.

An inner layer of pigmented glass will sit behind the building's gridded facade, designed to cast subtly coloured reflections.
Curving glass walls will enclose stairwells, while corrugated glazing will surround offices and laboratories. The project is due to complete in 2022.
Caruso St John Architects recently converted a row of theatre warehouses into a gallery for British artist Damien Hirst, and completed the third and largest of the Gagosian's outposts in London. Previously, the firm undertook a £45 million renovation of the Tate Britain.
Renderings are by Caruso St John Architects.
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BIG’s mountain-shaped resort in Taiwan is aimed at retired holidaymakers from China

The first holiday home has been built at the BIG-designed Hualien Residences in Taiwan, a resort development for retirees that still want active vacations (+ slideshow).
Photograph by BIGThe 1,000-square-metre house is the first building on the site, which is five kilometres south of Hualien City, between the ocean and mountains.
According to BIG, Hualein is experiencing a population decline with many of its younger residents moving out of the city. But a change in travel permissions between China and Taiwan is expected to bring in a new wave of older holidaymakers to the region. The ageing population is also creating a demand for second homes.

"In recent years the city has seen a consistent decline in population and has begun combating this through various infrastructure projects," said the Danish firm founded by architect Bjarke Ingels.
"The lifted travel restriction between China and Taiwan predicts a raise in popularity in the foreseeable future," it added. "Hualien residential seeks to tap into this new potential and targets the older demographic who seeks a retired, yet still active, lifestyle."

The model home consists of layered volumes that create a zigzagging profile, with "green landscape stripes" and solar panels on the roof, and full-height glazing on the front and back.
The wide variety of buildings planned for the site all have similarly-jagged outlines. Once completed, their shapes will create a stylised version of the spine of mountains to the west.

BIG described the Hualien Residences as "a mountain landscape of commercial and residential program that reflect their natural counterparts in the background."

Related story: BIG wants to create new styles of vernacular architecture, says Bjarke IngelsThe strips of green roof meet the ground in on either side and run from east to west to block out the glaring morning and evening sun. When the development is complete, the roofs will create "canyons" between the buildings.

"The angled silhouettes add an almost traditional vernacular feeling of attics and porches in the middle of the dense modern development," said BIG.
This photograph shows seating and a coffee table inside the model holiday home at Hualien ResidencesOutdoor paths will snake around the site, while underground "jogging pathways" will be added to encourage residents to exercise. The complex will also house an on-site medical centre.
KiBiSi's collection of furniture on show in the Hualien Residences model home has been designed to compliment the architecture of the housesA path that wraps around the whole area will include an observation point, stage, shops, and restaurants and cafes with outdoor seating areas. Media rooms, lounges, libraries, pools and meditation areas will provide other communal spaces for the residents.

BIG was commissioned by Taiwan Land Development Corporation, the owner of the site in a former industrial and factory region of Taiwan, to create the scheme.

The show home was built to tempt potential buyers ahead of construction of the rest of the development, which is scheduled to complete in 2018.

KiBiSi – the Danish design supergroup co-founded by Ingels – has created furniture to compliment the architecture of the houses, which is on show in the model home.
This visualisation shows the offset outlines of the buildings at Hualien Residences, which will create a stylised version of the spine of mountains to the westThe collection includes lounge seating and sunbeds, a wooden dining table, a lamp, a chest of drawers, a coffee table and shelving.
This visualisation shows the site of Hualien Residences, which is five kilometres south of Hualien City, between the ocean and mountainsBIG has created a number of other housing projects with green roofs, including a foliage-covered terraced block of apartments in Stockholm and a residential building in Copenhagen with sloping planted roofs.
Photography is by Jinho Lee, unless otherwise stated.
Project credits:
Client: Taiwan Land Development CorporationCollaborators: RJW, ARUP, Treegarden, Ken SakamuraPartners-in-charge: Bjarke Ingels, Jakob Lange, Finn NørkjærProject manager: Andrew LoDesign architect: Cat HuangShowroom team: Eric Li, Anu Marjanna Leinonen, Jinho Lee, Kekoa Charlot, Alberto Herzog, Jaime Oliver Galienne, Horia Spirescu, Min Ter Lim, Junjie Yan, Dominic Black, Angelos Siampakoulis, Qianqian Ye, Emily King, Lucas Carriere, Miao Zhang, Ren Yang Tan, Andre Schmidt
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Shiro Kuramata’s Miss Blanche armchair breaks world record at auction

Japanese designer Shiro Kuramata's 1989 Miss Blanche chair has sold for its highest ever price during an auction at Sotheby's London.
The cast-resin Miss Blanche armchair fetched £269,000 as part of the 20th Century Design sale, which totalled over £2.5 million.
Many of the furniture and lighting items brought in well over their estimated value. American designer Harry Bertoia's 1966 Dandelion Sculpture and Austrian artist Franz West's 2006 Divan sofa both almost doubled predicted sale prices.
VorteXX hanging light by architects Zaha Hadid and Patrick Schumacher was the auction's top lighting saleLondon is fast turning into the global centre for the collectible design market, with sales growing, new galleries opening and auction records tumbling. Yesterday's auction was Sotheby's first design sale in the city for five years.
"With London now one of the great design capitals of the world, it was the perfect moment for us to relaunch our sales," said Cecile Verdier, Sotheby's European head of design. "The interest in the sale was truly global, with buyers on the top ten lots from England, France and the US, a reflection of London's place as a hub for international design."

Related story: London is becoming "the most important place for collectable design" say galleristsAlso sold at yesterday's auction were pieces by Australian designer Marc Newson, whose Lockheed Lounge retained its title as the world's most expensive design object earlier this year.
Marc Newson's pair of Extruded Chairs raised £87,500Newson's 2006 Small Lathed Table fetched £50,000, while a pair of his Extruded Chairs from the same year raised £87,500.
The VorteXX hanging light by architects Zaha Hadid and Patrick Schumacher sold for £106,250, the most for a lighting product.
"The overwhelming majority of the successful bidders were private collectors from Europe and the US, with many lots going to first time buyers," said a statement from Sotheby's.
Newson's Small Lathed Table was also auctioned off, selling for £50,000A design auction also took place the previous day at rival London house Christie's. Top lots included a rare 1919 sideboard by De Stijl designer Gerrit Rietveld, which raised £194,500 – more than double its highest estimate of £80,000.
Kuramata's Miss Blanche chair is named after the main protagonist in Tennessee William's 1949 play A Street Car Named Desire. It is formed from clear resin blocks with flowers cast inside, and sits on pink tubular legs.
In 1997, an edition of the design was auctioned at Christie's for £46,000.
Last month a dining table by Denmark's late Peder Moos broke the world auction record for a piece of Nordic design, selling for over £600,000 at London's Phillips.
In 2014, French house Artcurial dedicated an entire sale to work by London-based Ron Arad, which it said was the first auction of its kind dedicated to a single contemporary designer.
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Monotype designs Eric Gill typeface using previously unpublished drawings

Type foundry Monotype has used long-hidden drawings by British designer Eric Gill to create the first new typeface based on his work in more than 75 years.
Joanna Nova typeface is based on the Eric Gill Joanna and has 18 stylesThe Joanna Sans Nova design is part of the Eric Gill Series – a trio of releases that also includes updated editions of typefaces from the 1920s and 1930s. Joanna Sans Nova was created as a sans serif complement for Gill's slab serif typeface Joanna.

Related story: Neville Brody designs bespoke typefaces for Channel 4 rebrandDesigner Terrance Weinzierl used previously unpublished drawings, penned by Gill and stored in the company's archive, to create a design that would stay true to the British designer's intentions.
Gill Sans Nova typeface includes 43 fonts and is one of the three developed for the Eric Gill series"I wanted my design to appear familiar but still look fresh," said Weinzierl. "My goal was to achieve a balance of simplicity, beauty, and usability. I've always been a fan of Gill's work, and I found the simple, humanist qualities of Joanna really fitting for a sans design."
It's the first release from the type house based on its library of heritage material, which includes original drawings for typefaces, unpublished designs, and copper patterns used in initial production.
The Joanna Sans Nova design is part of the a trio of releases that includes updated editions of typefaces from the 1920s and 1930s"Some people care greatly for the past 100 years, while others prefer to know what's happening in the next 100," Monotype creative director James Fooks-Bale told Dezeen.

Related story: Miró Foundation's sculptural roof informs typography for 40th anniversary"The Eric Gill Series is what I'd like to refer to as a living narrative, not static and we're a small part in its evolution since the 1920s," he added.
Designer Terrance Weinzierl used previously unpublished drawings by Eric Gill to develop a new typefaceThe series' other two releases, Gill Sans Nova and Joanna Nova, are expanded and updated versions of the artist's celebrated 1920s and 30s designs Gill Sans and Joanna. Both typefaces have been given additional language support, weights and characters.
Eric Gill, who died in 1940, is perhaps best known for his Gill Sans design, prominently used by British Railways and Penguin Books.
Gills Sans Nova comes in a range of weights for roman, italic and condensed with alternate charactersIt first appeared as letters painted by the designer over a Bristol bookshop, before he was commissioned by Monotype to develop it into a full typeface.
To celebrate the release of all three typefaces, Monotype is hosting a exhibition at London's Truman Brewery from 4 to 10 November 2015.
Greek and Cyrillic are the accompanying italic for the Joanna Sans NovaThe show brings together Gill-related drawings and test prints from the company's archive, as well as historic materials from the Letterform Archive, Ditchling Museum and Penguin Books. Visitors can also "set" giant letters on a magnetic wall.
Monotype has partnered with local brewery Five Points to produce Sans Light and Ultra Bold craft beers, with label designs featuring the typefaces.
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Cross-shaped facade added to art museum in a former monastery

A cruciform facade marks the new entrance to this art museum, which occupies a 15th-century monastery building near Venice, Italy (+ slideshow).

The Museo Bailo hosts a collection of 20th-century art near the city of Treviso. The monastery was converted into a museum in 1889, but was closed 15 years ago as the building was in need of significant refurbishment.
Austrian architect Heinz Tesar and local firm Studio Mas won a competition to renovate the museum in 2010.

The architects added a new frontage to the southern end of the historic building, which was bomb-damaged during the second world war and reconstructed in 1952.

The cross-shaped form is made form panels of articifical stone dotted with small perforations. It is mounted in front of walls coated in a type of polished plaster called Marmorino, which is made from a mixture of Carrara marble and white cement.

A similar technique was used in the refurbishment of a Spanish art museum by Estudio Arquitectura Hago.

"It needed a new facade, more adequate to its institutional role and to its position in the centre of the ancient town," said the architects. "The existing facade, rebuilt in 1952, was totally lacking in quality."

Related story: Studio Fink covers Italian art museum courtyard with brightly coloured astroturf"The facade, a composition of eight precast artificial-stone slabs, stands out in a white marmorino background."

Behind the facade, an extension made from white concrete was slotted into a narrow inner courtyard. It forms the museum's new ticket hall and book shop, but is also used as an exhibition space and conference hall.

A skylight runs the length of the 28-metre-long extension, helping to bring natural light into the building and to dispel its formerly "gloomy" appearance.

Three windows – one in the axis of the cross, another to the right of the door and a third in the flank of the extension – face onto a small piazza in front of the building. Their frames are made from a mixture of stainless and Corten steel.

One window provides a view into the southern cloister, where a sculpture of Biblical figures Adam and Eve is displayed.
The work was designed by Arturo Martini (1889-1947), a Treviso-born artist whose paintings, sculptures and graphics are included in the museum's collection.

The gallery walls are covered in sand-coloured stucco and the floors are made of terrazzo, Carrara marble and white cement – a reference to the finish used on the building's outer walls.

Partition walls were removed from rooms in the old part of the building to reveal the original layout, which now features a series of wide, vaulted galleries.

"A conservative restoration of all the building's original decorative elements, materials and structures has been achieved in the cloister, in the vaulted rooms as well as in the wall's decorative paintings," said the architects.

Sculptures are displayed on a series of mottled grey plinths and in vitrines designed by the architects.

"All the bases, the glass cases, the tables and the furniture have been re-designed like a family of small architectures serving the art works, hosted in the ancient rooms of the museum," said the team.

The museum reopened to visitors at the end of October 2015.
Photography is by Marco Zanta.
Project credits:
Architects: Studio Mas (Marco Rapposelli, Piero Puggina), Heinz TesarExhibit and interior design: Studio Mas (Marco Rapposelli, Piero Puggina)Site supervision: Marco Rapposelli (Studio Mas)Collaborators: Elena Gomiero, Enrico Polato, Mattia ArcaroMechanical and electrical engineering: Studio Cassutti sasStructural engineering: Studio di Ingegneria RSClient: Città di TrevisoGeneral contractor: Due P CostruzioniInteriors contractor: Harmoge
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World Architecture Festival awards 2015 day two winners announced

World Architecture Festival 2015: the award winners from day two at the World Architecture Festival include a ballet school in Russia, a New York transport hub and a community facility for a flood-wrecked town.
The projects will go on to compete for the titles of Building of the Year and Future Project of the Year tomorrow along with yesterday's winners, which range from a bamboo community centre in Vietnam to a "vertical village" in Singapore.
Dezeen is media partner for both the World Architecture Festival and Inside Festival, held at the Marina Bay Sands hotel and conference centre in Singapore.
Scroll down to see today's winning projects:
Culture: Soma City Home for All, Soma-shi, Japan, by Klein Dytham Architecture

This community centre in Fukushima was designed by Klein Dytham as part of Toyo Ito's Home-for-all earthquake relief project, which won a Golden Lion at the 2012 Venice Architecture Biennale. Soma City features a latticed wooden ceiling, supported by tree-like columns that double as up tables.
Health: Walumba Elders Centre, Warmun, Australia, by Iredale Pedersen Hook Architects

A catastrophic flood devastated the town of Warmun in 2011, so Iredale Pedersen Hook was tasked with creating a replacement community facility and elderly people's home. Raised by three metres, the structure stands above the flood level, and is linked to the ground by walkways and stairs.
Transport: Fulton Center, New York City, USA, by Grimshaw

Grimshaw's New York subway station and retail space comprises a glass box topped by a large glass and steel dome spanning 37 metres. It is designed to accommodate over 300,000 daily commuters, providing a gateway to Lower Manhattan.
Hotel and Leisure: Lanserhof Lake Tegern, Bavaria, Germany, by Ingenhoven Architects

Located on the Tegernsee lake in southern Bavaria, this health resort was designed by Ingenhoven Architects to take advantage of its scenic setting with large windows facing out over the both water and a nearby golf course. Offering both hotel facilities and medical care, it contains 70 rooms, each conceived as a "little house".
Sport: San Mames Stadium, Bilbao, Spain, by ACXT-IDOM

San Mames Stadium is the new home of football team Athletic Bilbao. Located beside the Ría de Bilbao river, it features a sculptural facade of twisted ETFE plastic that is illuminated by night.
Religion: Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies, Doha, Qatar, by Mangera Yvars Architects

Designed to have a "campus-like atmosphere", this four-storey building for the Qatar Faculty of Islamic Studies houses six academic programmes. It contains five columns, representing the five pillars of Islam, as well as library and classrooms.
New and old: Courtyard House Plugin, Beijing, China, by People's Architecture Office

People's Architecture Office developed this panelling system to make the ageing structures of Beijing's hutong districts habitable again. The lightweight and non-permanent solution provides structure, insulation, interior and exterior surfaces, all moulded into single panels.
Schools: Ballet School, St. Petersburg, Russia, by Studio 44 Architects

Studio 44 Architects created this ballet school within two existing buildings – a former cinema and a neighbouring house. Facades feature QR-code reliefs to help visitors navigate the campus using their smartphones, while translucent glass partitions allow light to penetrate all parts of the interior.
Production, energy and recycling: Fabrica de Oliva, Uruguay, Marcelo Daglio Arquitecto

Fabrica de Oliva is an olive oil factory in Uruguay. The judges said it "illustrates what architecture can do to lift the all-too-often banal factory form and language to a sublime exemplar".
Future projects:
» Education: Wellington College Performing Arts Centre, United Kingdom, by Studio Seilern Architects» Experimental: Home Farm, Singapore, by Spark» Competition entries: Quay Quarter, Sydney, Australia, by Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp» Residential: Vancouver House, Vancouver, Canada by BIG» Commercial mixed-use: Gardens by the Waterway Neighbourhood Centre and Polyclinic, Singapore, by Serie and Multiply Architects
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Marc Newson designs matching kettle and toaster for Sunbeam

Designer Marc Newson has created a range of colourful kitchen appliances for his first collaboration with Australian brand Sunbeam (+ slideshow).
The brushed stainless steel kettle and toaster come in an array of glossy colours, which Sunbeam said deliver "an unrivalled sensory experience".

Related story: Marc Newson's Lockheed Lounge sets new record at auctionBoth products in the Sunbeam Marc Newson range feature rounded edges and circular controls, and have been designed to be "classic and futuristic".

"Being Australian, I appreciate Sunbeam as an iconic brand that has been part of our kitchen history for many decades," commented Newson, who has designed everything from shotguns to samurai swords.
"It made perfect sense for me to become involved not only from the perspective of a designer but also as a consumer," the London-based designer added.
The toaster has a flat stainless steel top, brightly coloured tapered sides and an extra-wide crumb tray.

The flat-topped kettle features a round body, resting on a circular black base, and an arched handle. A coloured section covers the top of the appliance, which has a seal construction to make sure steam doesn't escape.

Related story: Marc Newson helped trigger a "manufacturing revolution" at Nike, says CEO Mark ParkerThe kettle is turned on and off by a semi-circular tab-shaped button at the base of the appliance.
Both designs can be ordered the collection in green, blue, orange, yellow, black, red or white versions.

"My aim with the Sunbeam Marc Newson range was to create something that was simultaneously classic and futuristic," said Newson.
Earlier this year, Naoto Fukasawa designed a range of minimal kitchenware for Muji that also included a kettle and toaster.

Newson, who is now part of Apple's design team, has worked on several collaborations this year, including a partnership with German brand Montblanc to create a range of pens featuring nibs plated with rare metals.
He stirred debate in Dezeen's comment section after incorporating mammoth-ivory handles in an £82,000 limited edition tea set for Danish metalware brand Georg Jensen.
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Moooi refreshes Container Table collection by wrapping the base with wooden slats

Extra Moooi: in this movie filmed in Amsterdam, Moooi co-founder Marcel Wanders explains why the Dutch brand launched a new version of his Container Table featuring a base covered with wooden slats.
Container Table by Marcel Wanders for MoooiMarcel Wanders' Container Table for Moooi, which was first launched in 2002, features a hollow tapered base, which can be filled with water or sand to provide stability for the screw-on top.
"It's light when you transport it and heavy and stable when you use it," Wanders says in the movie.
Container Table Bodhi by Marcel Wanders for MoooiThe original table features a plastic base, but Moooi launched an updated version at the Salone del Mobile furniture fair in Milan this year called Container Table Bodhi, where the tapered base is wrapped with vertical wooden slats.

"The container table has been an important icon for the brand," Wanders says. "More and more we've seen that other companies have 'similar inspiration', which is a bit complicated for us, of course. So we try to further develop the concept."

The table features a linoleum top, while the slats and trim around the edge of the table top are made from oak. Wanders says the table's more natural look expands the range of settings the Container Table collection can be used in.

Related story: Moooi unveils 2015 furniture and homeware collection"It still contains the water for the stability and all that, but has a completely different look," he says. "It's a stylistic difference which allows the table to go into different projects, which is very important for us."

Container Table Bodhi is the latest addition to Moooi's Container Table collection, which is available in a variety different colour, size and shape combinations.
Container Table New Antiques by Marcel Wanders for MoooiIn 2011, the brand launched a version of the table called Container Table New Antiques, which features a curved ornamental base.
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"The original Container Table is still today a unique table in the world I think," Wanders says. "It's a wonderful collection that allows you to have all the tables you need in one beautiful typology."
Moooi co-founder Marcel WandersThis movie was filmed at Moooi's Amsterdam showroom. The music featured is a track called Aglow by US artist RyIm.
The movie is part of our year-long Extra Moooi collaboration, which sees us working with Moooi in Milan, New York, London and Amsterdam to get under the skin of the brand, its products and designers. Read all the stories at
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Itay Ohaly’s scratchable vases reveal hidden colours

Israeli designer Itay Ohaly has created a set of three black vases that can be etched to reveal colourful hidden layers beneath.

Ohaly took the idea for the design from etchings he created as a child – scratching off a dark coating from coloured paper to reveal the different hues underneath.

To recreate this effect, the designer covered the vases with several layers of paint, separated by an oil layer. Drawings can be engraved into their surfaces to reveal glimpses of pink, yellow and blue underneath.

The project is a continuation of Ohaly's Colored Memories installation, which was presented at Israel's Design Museum Holon in 2014. Visitors were invited to scrape drawings into walls and furnishings to reveal the coloured layers beneath.

Related story: Color Rings by Itay OhalyOhaly previously used layers of paint for his Color Rings jewellery collection, which was carved from wood covered in sections of coloured acrylic paint.

"In this project I continue with my exploration into the colour etching technique," Ohaly told Dezeen.

"I wanted to apply this technique to objects and I was interested in bringing this kind of aesthetics into peoples home. Furthermore, By using manual etching, I am trying to play and explore a kind of irregular, ongoing and evolving doodles which create unique overall patterns."

The collection of angular vases is available in three sizes: a taller version with a slender neck, a shorter vessel, and a squat square-shaped bowl. Ohaly has decorated the objects himself, to show how they'd look when semi or completely covered in engravings.

"The simple illustrated details might look naive and simple, however, I think that the dense overall look doesn't seem childish at all," he said. "I didn't envision it for children, but for cheerful adults."

Other unusual vases include a range of "upside-down" glass vessels that create a kaleidoscope when filled with flowers, and a collection of radioactive vases formed from reclaimed toxic waste.
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